Category Archives: Animal Health

The Five Freedoms

Every mammal, amphibian, bird, fish, reptile and arthropod have the right to live in accordance with the 5 Freedoms. Abiding by these ensure health, safety and good mental & physical wellbeing.

In compliance with the Animal Welfare Act 2006, every human in authority over animals must make certain that the welfare of animals are met.

The 5 Freedoms:

  1. Freedom from hunger and thirst
  2. Freedom from discomfort
  3. Freedom from pain, injury and disease
  4. Freedom to express normal behaviour
  5. Freedom from fear and distress

If a person is found not to be making adequate preparation to fulfill these needs or is presenting acts of cruelty and neglect, then the person could face a prison sentence, up to a £20,000 fine or be permently prohibited from possession of all animals.

I would like to ask you all to email your local MP so the law can be changed to a minimum of a 5 year prison sentence if cruelty and neglect has taken place. The #notfunny campaign which is being run by Battersea Cats and Dogs Home needs your support. So please do go onto the website and become a voice for those poor animals who can’t talk themselves.




Equine Strangle

Equine Strangles is an extremely infectious disease and is caused by bacteria.

To prevent this, all horses should be vaccinated. If the correct preventative procedures are carried out then the horse will be at a lesser risk of contracting diseases in general, not only strangles. It is also recommended that when acquiring a new horse, that it should be quarantined for at least 2 weeks in its own field away from others. This is so if it does have any illnesses then they will become visible before introduction to the new yard and horses already living there.

Typical symptoms of this disease include visable abscess which may burst, nasal secretion and they may find it difficult to breathe.

If an owner has suspicion that a horse has strangles then an equine specialist should be contacted. The vet will ensure the correct knowledge and medication has been given. This is so the owner knows how to prevent it in the future as well as how to administrate the medication to enable a good recovery.

If a horse is diagnosed with this disease, then the vet would usually prescribe a type of penicillin and advised how to keep the abscess clean so they don’t become infected.

After a successful recovery and the horse is back to its normal cheeky self, before introducing the horse back to its home then a deep clean must take place. That includes all rugs, buckets, troughs, rubber matting and field shelters and anything else which the horse has had contact with to ensure strangles has been completely removed from the area.

With veterinary treatment, most horses make a full recovery but secondary infections and complications are possible. If strangles is treated as soon as it is spotted, then the horse won’t be put in unnecessary pain. This will be abiding by the Five Freedoms.

It is always cheaper to prevent an illness, than to treat one.

Have you personally had to deal with Strangles in your yard? Please leave a comment on your experience and help educate others.

Written by Youngcurlyt

Canine Intestinal Parvovirus

Parvovirus is a serious and highly contagious disease. It affects domestic and wild animals but also your beloved pet dog. Parvo’ was detected in the 1970’s and it is a viral infection.

This disease has a high mortality rate, it can be spread through infected animals’ urine, vomit and feaces. It hasn’t yet been confirmed how long parvovirus can survive on the ground but even if the rain has washed the produce away, the disease will still be there. It is very important to inoculate dogs against this during the routine vaccines.

If there is suspicion a dog has contracted it, then it must be isolated to reduce risk of transmission to healthy dogs. Common indicators include lack of appetite, diarrhea with blood traces, a high temperature and being physically sick.

The veterinary surgery should be phoned and warned before turning up so they can be prepared.
Once at the vets, the staff will wear disposable gloves, overalls and shoes. These will be placed into special orange bags then placed into a autoclave to sterilize them. The dog will be given fluids to reduce dehydration and be closely observed for improvement or secondary infections. There is no medical cure for parvovirus but the animals will be fully supported whilst trying to fight this disease off. If successful, positive developments are usually seen within 2-4 days. It will take a few weeks for the dog to revert to its usual self.

Before the dog returns home, all towels, bedding, bowls, toys and brushes are appropriately cleaned to ensure parvo has been abolished. It can also live as particles on floors and surfaces within the home so a full clean is advised.

For more information about this subject, check out PetMD or Princes Animal Hospital. 

Written by Youngcurlyt